Trincomalee located 257km due north east of Colombo, is known to be one of the best natural deep water harbors anywhere in the world. Gokarna or the city of Trincomalee is said to have acted as a sea port in Sri Lanka since 543 BC. And according to the Mahawamsa it is into this harbor that Prince Panduvasudeva, the nephew of King Vijaya, sailed in with 32 followers. Trincolmalee during the reign of the Sinhala Kings is said to have been a prime trading center.
The population in Trincomalee is dominated by Tamil speaking Sri Lankans, and this culture has been continuing for almost 200 years. There is the famous Kandasamy Kovil located at the rocky outcrop of Trincomalee. This revered place of worship is one of the five historical Hindu temples dedicated to Lord Shiva and is thought to be a protective deity. The current structure that many people from around the country visit every year was built in the year 1952. There are many other Hindu temples in the region as well such as the Kali kovil which is thought to have the finest gopuram out of all.
Trincomalee is also home to some of the finest beaches such as the Nilaveli beach and the Uppuveli beach. These beaches are said to have some amazing diving sites which give the tourists a chance to enjoy water sports such as diving and snorkeling. About 1km offshore from Nilaveli you find the Pigeon Island, which actually consists of two islands, large and small. The Pigeon island National Park, is home to some of the best coral reefs in Sri lank and also houses various species of flora and fauna. The seven hot water springs located at Kanniya, only a distance of 8km away from Trincomalee is yet another attraction for the crowds. As these waters are said to have therapeutic properties, the springs are a definitely crowd puller throughout the year.